John Gibson Paton

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John Gibson Paton

Missionary to the New Hebrides
Born May 24, 1824
Braehead, Kirkmahoe, Dumfriesshire, Scotland
Died January 16, 1907
Cross St, Canterbury, Victoria, Australia

Rev. Dr. John Gibson Paton (May 24, 1824 - January 16, 1907) was a Protestant missionary to the New Hebrides.


Early life

John Gibson Paton was born on May 24, 1824 in a farm cottage at Braehead, Kirkmahoe, Dumfriesshire, Scotland. He was the eldest of the 11 children of James and Janet Paton.

James Paton was a stocking manufacturer and later a colporteur. James and his wife Janet and their three eldest children, moved c.1828/1829 from Braehead to Torthorwald in the same county. There, in a humble thatched cottage of three rooms, his parents reared five sons and six daughters.

After some elementary education, John G., from the age of 12, started learning the trade of his stocking manufacturing father and, for fourteen hours a day, he manipulated one of the six "stocking frames" in his father's workshop.

However, he still studied during the two hours allotted each day for the eating of his meals.

During these years, John G. was greatly influenced by the devoutness of his father who would go three times a day to his "prayer closet" and who conducted family prayers twice a day.

During his youth John G. heard the call of God to serve overseas as a missionary. Eventually he moved to Glasgow (Forty miles on foot to Kilmarnock then train to Glasgow) where he undertook theological and medical studies. For some years he also worked at distributing tracts, teaching school, and labouring as a city missionary in a degraded section of Glasgow.

Paton was ordained by the Reformed Presbyterian Church on March 23, 1858. On April 2, in Coldstream, Berwickshire, Scotland John G. Paton married Mary Ann Robson and 14 days later, on 16 April, accompanied by Mr. Joseph Copeland, they both said farewell to bonnie Scotland and set sail for the South Pacific.


Early Years in New Hebrides

John G. and Mary Paton landed on the island of Tanna, in the southern part of the New Hebrides, on November 5, 1858 and built a small house at Port Resolution.

In those days the natives of Tanna were reported to be cannibals. The missionary couple were surrounded by "painted savages who were enveloped in the superstitions and cruelties of heathenism at its worst. The men and children went about in a state of nudity while the women wore abbreviated grass or leaf aprons."

Three months after their arrival, a son, Peter Robert Robson, was born on 12 February 1859. But just 19 days later his wife Mary died from tropical fever soon to be followed to the grave by the newly born Peter at 36 days of age.

Despite these devastating bereavements, John G. continued unfailingly with his missionary work in spite of constant animosity from the natives and many attempts on his life. During one attack, a ship arrived just in time to rescue him and take him and missionaries from another part of the island, Mr. and Mrs. Mathieson, to safety at Aneityum.


Visit to Australia and Scotland and Second Marriage

From Aneityum, John G. went first to Australia, then to Scotland, to arouse greater interest in the work of the New Hebrides, to recruit new missionaries, and especially to raise a large sum of money for the building and upkeep of a sailing ship to assist the missionaries in the work of evangelizing the Islands. Later he raised a much larger sum with which to build a mission steamship.

During this time in Scotland, on June 17, 1864, in Edinburgh, Scotland, John G. married Margaret (Maggie) Whitecross, a descendant of the so called "Whitecross Knights".


Return to the New Hebrides

Arriving back in the New Hebrides in August 1866, John G. and his new wife Maggie established a new Mission station on Aniwa Island, the nearest island to Tanna. There they lived in a small native hut while they built a house for themselves and two houses for orphan children. Later, a church, a printing house, and other buildings were erected.

In Aniwa they found the natives to be very similar to those on Tanna - "The same superstitions, the same cannibalistic cruelties and depravities, the same barbaric mentality, the same lack of altruistic or humanitarian impulses were in evidence."

Nevertheless, they continued in their missionary work and it was there in Aniwa that 6 of their 10 children were born, 4 of whom died in early childhood or in infancy. Their fourth son, Frank Hume Lyall Paton, who followed them as a missionary in the New Hebrides, was one of those born on Aniwa Island.

John G. learned the language and reduced it to writing. Maggie taught a class of about fifty women and girls who became experts at sewing, singing and plaiting hats, and reading. They trained the teachers, translated and printed and expounded the Scriptures, ministered to the sick and dying, dispensed medicines every day, taught them the use of tools, held worship services every Lord's Day and sent native teachers to all the villages to preach the gospel.

Enduring many years of deprivation, danger from natives and disease, they continued with their work and after many years of patient ministry, the entire island of Aniwa professed Christianity. In 1899 he saw his Aniwa New Testament printed and the establishment of missionaries on twenty five of the thirty islands of the New Hebrides.


Final years

Maggie Whitecross Paton died at the age of 64 on May 16, 1905 at "Kennet" - believed to be the family home at 74 Princess Street, Kew, Victoria.

John G. survived his wife by nearly two years, dying at the age of 82 on 28 Jan 1907 at Cross St, Canterbury, Victoria, Australia.

They are both buried at Boroondara at the intersection of High Street and Park Hill Road, Kew, Victoria, Australia.

The student group at the Presbyterian Theological College in Victoria is named in his honour.



John G. Paton's life has been recorded in a series of books edited by his brother James Paton and by his son Frank H L Paton together with A.K.Langridge.

Edited by his brother Rev. Dr. James Paton
Edited by his brother Rev. Dr. James Paton
A. K. Langridge and F. H. L. Paton, John G. Paton, Later Years and Farewell, C. D. Michael, John Gibson Paton, D.D.
  • Paton, Maggie Whitecross (1895). Letters and sketches from the New Hebrides. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 382. 
  • Unseth, Benjamin, editor (1996). John Paton. Minneaoplis: Bethany House, 160. 



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